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A powerful jet erupts from a black hole

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Scientists around the world have been studying for years to get information about black holes, but no detailed information has been found about it. In 2019, scientists managed to see a black hole. They saw a black hole called Messier 87 at the center of the galaxy. Another clear picture of this black hole came to light last month.

Scientists have seen a powerful jet blast from this black hole. The European Southern Observatory reported the incident through a video. The black hole at the center of the Messier 87 galaxy is approximately 54 million light-years from Earth. According to the report, a huge jet of high-energy particles has been seen coming out of the black hole into space. 16 telescopes installed in different parts of the earth worked together to capture this event. The 16 telescopes form an earth-shaped dish, which acts as a telescope. A black hole is the densest region of our universe, where there is so much gravity that even the light of the sun is lost in it.

When matter, such as gas or dust, falls into a black hole, it forms a disk around it. Being very hot, the disk emits powerful radiation. It is detected by telescopes on Earth. The mass of the black hole from which scientists saw the jet coming out is 6.5 billion times the mass of our sun. This galaxy is larger and more luminous than our Milky Way.

This means that all black holes emit powerful jets. Scientists are studying how jets are formed. Scientists say that to understand the jet in detail, you have to look closely at the black hole. Last month, when scientists saw a clear picture of a black hole, machine-learning techniques were used to make it possible, and that’s what happened. In this technique, scientists filled in the gaps whose data they did not have.

A national (A) class daily newspaper published from Birganj

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